How We Teach Phonics


From Nursery until the end of Year Two, children have a daily discrete phonics lesson.  We are moving from using RWI to the Letters and Sounds approach.


Children spend the initial few weeks settling into Nursery, learning the routines.  Once the class are settled, the children enjoy a 10 minute very practical phonics session every day.  Throughout the year, Nursery work through Phase One of the Letters and Sounds programme.  This phase develops and builds upon the children’s speaking and listening skills.  It helps to develop their ability to concentrate, hear and discriminate between sounds.  This lays the foundation for the phonics learning the children will experience in Reception.


In Reception, the children have a 20-minute discrete phonics session every day.  For the first few weeks, as the children are settling into the new routines of the Reception class, they revise Phase One of the Letters and Sounds programme.  For the rest of the Reception year, they work through Phase Two to Phase Four.  Each phase contains a set of phonemes for the children to learn to read and spell.  The expectation is that the children will be able to apply their growing phonic knowledge to sounding out words in books to read, and sounding out words to spell as they independently write sentences.


October to December

January to May

June to July

Phase One

Phase Two

Phase Three

Phase Four


Our expectation is that children will keep up with the phases as the class progress through them.  Additional support will be given to children at other times of the day to help them to keep up with their class.

For children who are learning very quickly, we give them plenty of opportunities to apply their growing knowledge in reading and writing. 

Key Stage One

Currently in Key Stage One, children are following the RWI (Read Write Inc.) programme.  For this programme, the children are placed in setting groups across the Key Stage as they follow the prescribed programme.  From September 2020, Key Stage One will also follow the Letters and Sounds programme.


Useful links

You can find useful materials to print off and use here:

There are some engaging games here: